08 important lessons from this lecture:
The research interview process does more than merely ignore critical components of why people behave as they do, it changes how and what they think.
We draw conclusions based upon how the information is presented—not the actual information itself.
An ad for cream cheese that states 95% fat free is more likely to convince us than one that says it contains 5% fat.
The facts are identical but it is the positive spin not the concrete evidence that drives the appeal.
Rather than simply stating the facts most advertisers typically embed their message into creative contextual devices that evoke feelings and bypass rational resistance.
This is why advertisers use stories, poems, slogans, songs, jokes, pictures, symbols, characters, roles, and metaphors.
They are particularly ripe marketing tools, because they lead the imagination and evoke the feelings that strike at our heart not our head.
Loss Aversion: we hate losing what we’ve got.
When we copy, we justify it. When others copy, we villify it.
Most of us have no problem with copying – as long as we’re the ones doing it.
We make assumptions about the world around us based on sometimes incomplete or false information.
You can be conditioned through advertising to choose logically inferior options.
We can even become conditioned to find great pleasure in things that harm us.
Whether it is ‘two for one’ or ‘free toy inside,’ promotions are such common manipulations that we often forget that we’re being manipulated in the first place.
Advertising works by a process of Unconscious Behaviorism.
We are being conditioned by the media on a deep unconscious level and it is this implicit associative emotional conditioning that drives our brand preferences.
We make decisions by emotional association more so than rational analysis.
Playing the price game can come at tremendous cost and can create a significant dilemma for the company.
The short-term gain is fantastic, but the more you do it, the harder it becomes to kick the habit.
Once buyers get used to paying a lower-than-average price for a product or service, it is very hard to get them to pay more.
Asking a consumer about something overrides the natural state that thing occupies in his or her experience.
It’s very hard to preempt what people will find interesting or attention worthy – which makes it very risky to presume by asking them a question about it.
When research has put a focus on the issue it’s investigating that causes people to consider it in a way they otherwise wouldn’t, it has manufactured the response it gets.
The conscious mind will leap to conclusions, forming a coherent narrative based upon partial information.
This strong tendency to draw conclusions from incomplete information is a cognitive rule called ‘what you see is all there is.’
Consistency and coherence, not quantity or quality of information, are the keys to forming opinions.
People’s relationship with your brand affects their likelihood to notice communications from your brand.